Traumatic injuries commonly occur due to a sudden unguarded movement, deconditioning of the body, or an unexpected blow. The most common traumatic injuries are sprain, strain, dislocation, and subluxation.
- A sprain is an injury to a ligament (the connective tissue that joins two bones together in a joint). The injury is the result of the ligament fibers being overstretched or completely torn. Overstretching most often occurs by moving beyond the possible range of joint motion, either through hyperextension (overextension), or by a twisting action. Hyper-extended, twisted knees, and rolled ankles are examples of sprain injuries.
- A strain is commonly known as a pulled muscle or tear. Muscle damage in the form of tearing, whether part or all, can damage small blood vessels, causing local bleeding (bruising) and pain caused by irritation of the nerve endings in the area. Muscle strains often occur because of sudden unguarded movements such as pitching a baseball and suddenly feeling pain in the shoulder. Symptoms of strains include swelling, pain, redness and difficulty with normal range of motion.
- A dislocation occurs when one of two bones that meet at a joint is knocked out of place. A dislocation is usually caused by blunt force trauma or impact to a joint area. Common dislocated areas include shoulders, ribs, hips, and fingers. Symptoms of a dislocation include the inability to move the dislocated joint, as well as severe pain and often bruising. Dislocations may
- A subluxation is when one or more of the bones of your spine (vertebrae) move out of position and put pressure on or irritate spinal nerves and soft tissues. This pressure or irritation causes those nerves and muscles to malfunction and interfere with the signals traveling through the body. Common symptoms are muscle tightness, stiffness, decrease range of motion, and headaches. Some basic mechanisms for which our bodies develop subluxations include postural overload, such as sitting at the computer all day, or poor body biomechanics, such as sleeping on too high of a pillow.